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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 9-14

The need for Vitamin D supplementation in exclusively breast fed term babies

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, MGM Medical College, Navi Mumbai, India
2 Resident, Department of Pediatrics, MGM Medical College, Navi Mumbai, India
3 Professor, Department of Pediatrics, MGM Medical College, Navi Mumbai, India

Correspondence Address:
Kothari Nakul
MGM Medical College, Kamothe, Navi Mumbai
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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This study was conducted to demonstrate the need to supplement purely breast-fed babies with Vitamin D. Method: Serum levels of 25(OH) D, Calcium and alkaline phosphatase were estimated in 50 babies, 6 to 10 weeks of age, and their mothers. They were grouped according to whether they had received vitamin D and calcium supplements: Group 1 - Both, mothers and babies were unsupplemented. Group 2 - Mothers but not babies were supplemented. Group 3 - Both mothers and babies received supplements. The effect of supplementation of mother or baby was studied. Results: The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency was high in both lactating mothers (82%) and their babies (97.5%). There was a strong positive correlation between vitamin D levels of the mothers and their 6-10 week old babies. Only direct supplementation of babies resulted in adequate s.25 (OH) D levels. Conclusions: Exclusively breastfed infants require to be supplemented with at least 400 IU/day from soon afterbirth.

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